BEFORE YOU READ: Sean makes a good point. My pace is a little quick in my explanation, and it's based on my style(hence Enjo's Way in the title). That being said, if ANYTHING confuses you, ask me about it with your specific questions, or PM me. I will answer all of them to the best of my abilities. I'm not even a music theory wiz by any means, but the intention of this thread is to get the reader to the point where they understand major, minor, modes, scales, keys, and how they relate to each other, hence the basics(with a few other items thrown in the mix). Again, I encourage anyone to ask questions so I can rephrase what I said to your likings. Writing this online is not at all like face-to-face, so I speak based on my own experience and terms. If you ask questions it makes it easier for me to dial into how you want to hear it and how it'll make sense to you, which is how I'd like to answer you. Thanks! ---------------------------------- I'm going to update this thread in several large posts, focusing on a couple topics at a time, and then linking them together as the thread continues. Not sure if this is gonna contend with some of the great threads around here, but if I've helped anyone at all with this, then I'm doing good. I'm gonna start by explaining some dynamics of music theory as if the reader I'm addressing has never heard any of it. Here goes nothin'. ------------------------------------------------- Well, let's start by listing all the notes, every single one of them. In music, there are a total of 12 different notes. These are the notes: You might be thinking, "I counted 17 of them, why are you saying there are 12?" Well, the ones that have a '#' or a 'b' beside them are the same thing. I'll get to that in a second. The notes start on A, and and on Ab(A flat). From one note to the next is one space, also called a semitone or half-step apart. So from A, to A#/Bb, that's one half-step. Now how can it be A# and Bb at the same time? Well, think of it this way. From A to B in music, there is a note in the middle. It is called A sharp(A#) because it's one tone higher, or sharper than A. It is at the same time called B flat(Bb) because it's one tone lower(or flat) from B. That would be like counting from 1 to 3 like this: 1, 1+1/3-1, 3 Instead of: 1, 2, 3 This is because 2 is one number lower than three, yet one number higher than one. In music, it's easier to just call the notes in between sharps AND flats, because the notes have lettered names. Now let's talk about keys. Well what, exactly, is a key? A key is named after a specific note that a scale is centered around, and a scale is simply a series of notes, arranged in such a way that they sound musical. The key's name will ALWAYS be the name of the root note, which is exactly the note that a key is centered around. Notice how in Do Re Mi Fa So La Ti Do, Do is the beginning and the ending note. Well, it repeats because Do is the main note, or the root note with which the scale is centered around. The root note is what any scale starts on. It is also what determines the name of the key. Since a scale is a series of notes that are arranged musically, a key is simply what notes those happen to be, and the root is the main note. In all of the main scales, there are 7 different notes altogether, with the root note repeating itself as the 8th note. To our ears, whatever note we hear first becomes the most important, or the one that is always behind all of the other notes, holding them up. Think of a scale like this: You're holding 7 pebbles in your hand, but one pebble is bigger and made of lead. The big, lead pebble is the root note, and no matter which pebbles you focus on, you feel the weight of the big pebble in your hand the most, over all else. This is just like music. You can hear a song, but the main chord or most powerful note always hangs in the back of your mind, subconsciously. This is why whenever you hear the note again, it sounds "right." So, for this first part, we've learned the following: -There are twelve musical notes total -Notes arranged musically form a scale -Scales fall into keys, which are what notes in the scale -Keys are named after roots, which are the beginning notes of the scale, and the ones that weigh the most musically -There are 7 different notes in a typical scale -Sharps and flats are the same ----------------------------------------- That's all for this post, but I'll post A LOT more in the next few over the course of the next few days. I hope this helps someone at least a little bit. I try to include good analogies that I think of, as I feel it makes things more interesting and easier to comprehend. When I really get into detail about things like modes, I'll do so in a way that it's a piece of cake(I promise ). Again, I hope this is useful!!! Cheers!