Re: The five factors which create the ‘1959 burst’ sound
Tone (such as the difference between a saxophone, piano, and oboe) playing the same note, has to do with the relationship between the various harmonics to the root frequency. A pure tone generates NO harmonics at all. It essentially has no tone.
The only way one can tell the difference between a flute and a banjo, has to do with overtones undertones, how loud or soft each mulitiple of the basic note is produced, and how many mulitples of that note is generated.
How one plays does affect it to some degree. But the basic tone is in the instrument itself.